A variety propagated by asexual means to produce plants that are genetically identical (homogenous).
In cocoa, clones are produced by rooting of cuttings of a specific variety, by air-layering (marcotting) branches of a specific variety or by tissue culture (somatic embryogenesis) of a specific cocoa variety.
Próximamente versión en español
Entry added: November 28, 2022
Verified on: September 14, 2023
Pathmanathan Umaharan, Professor of Genetics and Director, Cocoa Research Centre, The University of the West Indies, Trinidad
Achieving sustainable cultivation of cocoa, edited by Pathmanathan Umaharan, Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing, 2018
“The Relic Criollo Cacao in Belize: Genetic diversity and relationship with Trinitario and other cacao clones held in the International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad,” Lambert Motilal, Sue Mischke, Pathmanathan Umaharan, Lyndel Meinhardt, et al, Plant Genetic Resources: Characterization and Utilization (2009); 1–10; access this article
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