FCIA Fine Chocolate Glossary


Chocolate is a food made with roasted and refined cacao beans with sugar and other ingredients.

In all cases, a chocolate must contain the fat of the cacao, known as cacao butter.

For example, if it contains cacao powder, but no cacao butter, it should not be called chocolate but chocolate flavored. If it only contains cacao mass, but no sugar, it should be called 100% cacao rather than chocolate.

There are plenty of types of chocolate and it can be solid or liquid, but all of them share a common principle: they must contain the fat of the cacao bean.

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From cacao to chocolate; graph from More Chocolatier

Entry added: August 4, 2023
Verified on:

Authored by

Liliana Molina Moreno, More Chocolatier


Standard for Chocolate and Chocolate products, codex stan 87-1981, adopted in 1981. Revision: 2003. Amendment: 2016,” Codex Alimentarius International Food Standards, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and World Health Organization, Accessed on August 28, 2023.

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