The International Labour Organization (ILO) guidelines operationalize the concept of forced labour specifically for children (ILO 2012, 17):
“For the purpose of these guidelines, forced labour of children is defined as work performed by children under coercion applied by a third party (other than by his or her parents) either to the child or to the child’s parents, or work performed by a child as a direct consequence of their parent or parents being engaged in forced labour.
The coercion may take place during the child’s recruitment, to force the child or his or her parents to accept the job, or once the child is working, to force him/her to do tasks which were not part of what was agreed at the time of recruitment or to prevent the child from leaving the work.
If a child is working as a direct consequence of his or her parents being in a situation of forced labour, then the child is also considered to be in forced labour.”
Próximamente versión en español
Entry added: September 14, 2022
Verified on: September 14, 2023
International Cocoa Initiative (ICI)
“Child Labour and Forced Labour Glossary of definitions,” International Cocoa Initiative, February 1, 2022
“Hard to see, harder to count – Survey guidelines to estimate forced labour of adults and children,” International Labour Organization, June 1, 2012
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